Abstract: In this project, we developed a self-learning gene expression programming (GEP) methodology named SL-GEP to improve the search accuracy and efficiency of GEP. In contrast to the existing GEP variants, the proposed SL-GEP features a novel chromosome representation in which each chromosome is embedded with subfunctions that can be deployed to construct the final solution. As part of the chromosome, the subfunctions are self-learned or self-evolved by the proposed algorithm during the evolutionary search. By encompassing subfunctions or any partial solution as input arguments of another subfunction, the proposed SL-GEP facilitates the formation of sophisticated, higher-order, and constructive subfunctions that improve the accuracy and efficiency of the search. Further, a novel search mechanism based on differential evolution is proposed for the evolution of chromosomes in the SL-GEP. The proposed SL-GEP is simple, generic and has much fewer control parameters than the traditional GEP variants. The proposed SL-GEP is validated on 15 symbolic regression problems and six even-parity problems. Experimental results show that the proposed SL-GEP offers enhanced performances over several state-of-the-art algorithms in terms of accuracy and search efficiency.
J. Zhong, Y.-S. Ong, and W. Cai, “Self-Learning Gene Expression Programming,” IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, Vol.20, No. 1, pp.65-80, 2016.